Mastering Quantitative Aptitude: A Guide to Crack Competitive Exams

Quantitative Aptitude is a crucial section in most competitive exams, especially those related to banking, management exams, and government jobs. It measures an individual’s mathematical abilities, including topics like arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data interpretation. This article aims to provide a brief understanding of quantitative aptitude, along with examples and book recommendations by Indian authors.

Understanding Quantitative Aptitude

Quantitative aptitude measures an individual’s ability to analyze numerical data, solve problems, and make decisions using mathematical reasoning. The section generally comprises multiple-choice questions and requires candidates to have a clear understanding of mathematical concepts and principles. Some of the key topics covered in this section include:

  1. Arithmetic: It covers topics like percentage, ratio and proportion, time and work, profit and loss, simple and compound interest, time and distance, etc.
  2. Algebra: It includes topics like equations, inequalities, quadratic equations, progressions, etc.
  3. Geometry: It covers topics like lines and angles, triangles, circles, polygons, etc.
  4. Data Interpretation: It involves analyzing and interpreting data from tables, charts, graphs, etc.


Let’s take a look at a few examples to understand it better:

  1. If the cost price of an article is Rs. 100 and its selling price is Rs. 120, what is the profit percentage?

Solution: Profit = Selling price – Cost price = Rs. 120 – Rs. 100 = Rs. 20. Profit percentage = (Profit / Cost price) x 100 = (20/100) x 100 = 20%.

  1. If x = 2, what is the value of x^2 + 3x + 2?

Solution: x^2 + 3x + 2 = (2)^2 + 3(2) + 2 = 4 + 6 + 2 = 12.

  1. In a triangle ABC, if the measure of angle A is 60 degrees, and the length of AB and AC are 5 cm and 10 cm, respectively, what is the length of BC?

Solution: Using the Law of Cosines, we can find that the length of BC is √(10^2 + 5^2 – 2105*cos(60)) = 5√3 cm.

Master quantitative aptitude to crack these exams.

Cat Exam Your Ultimate Guide to MBA Admissions – Exam Info
SSC CGL Exam ,SSC Combined Graduate Level Examination (

Books to Refer

Here are some popular books on quantitative aptitude written by Indian authors that you can refer to for preparation:

  1. Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations by R.S. Aggarwal
  2. Magical Book on Quicker Maths by M. Tyra
  3. How to Prepare for Quantitative Aptitude for the CAT by Arun Sharma
  4. Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma
  5. Quantitative Aptitude for All Competitive Exams by Abhijit Guha


Quantitative Aptitude is a crucial section in most competitive exams, and mastering it requires a clear understanding of mathematical concepts and regular practice. By referring to the recommended books and solving practice questions, you can improve your skills and increase your chances of success in competitive exams.